Google+ is the official social networking platform of Google, one of the world's largest and most popular search engines. Google+ officially debuted in June 2011 and is intended to pull all of Google's peripheral products (Gmail, Google Maps, search, Google Calendar, etc.) into one cohesive network, meant to be as open and as connected as possible, incorporating everything that searchers use at Google into a comprehensive social and content dashboard.
In order to use Google+ efficiently, you'll need to understand a few of the Google+ terms: Circles, Stream, Hangouts, Streams, Profiles, and +1's.
Google+ Circles Basics
Google+ Circles are simply a way of organizing your personal and professional connections within Google+. Work, family, hobbies, anything you might be interested in, they all get their own Circle. You choose who you'd like to share content with; for example, someone in your Work Circle will probably not be interested in something you're thinking about sharing with your Family Circle.
In addition to customizing your Circles to fit with how you interact in real life, you can also personalize how your profile appears to each Circle you create (i.e., relationship information can be kept separate from a work profile). This is quite different from how Facebook works, which does not separate this information.
Google+ Circles refer to the way you organize your social contacts.
You might have one circle for family, one for work colleagues, and one for your favorite hobby. How you choose to interact with these circles is completely up to you, and you can share different content with different groups. You can also choose to have your personal profile information show differently to different groups.
Because relationships are at the core of any social networking service, Circles aims to make sharing with the people in your life as intuitive as possible. Users can create Circles based on their connections, and then choose which content they want to share with those Circles.
For example, say you have three circles: Family, Work Colleagues, and Knitting Club. You can create a separate Circle for each of these groups, and share what you want with each of these groups. Your Work Circle doesn't see what you are sharing with your Family Circle, and your Knitting Club Circle doesn't see what you are sharing with your Work Circle. This is one way to make your content as relevant as possible to the ones it will matter the most to.
Simply put, Google+ Circles helps you organize your personal list of contacts in a more meaningful way, based on how you interact with those people in daily life.
How to Start a Circle
Starting a Google Circle is easy. Click on the Circles icon at the top of your Google+ profile, select the people who you'd like to create a Circle for, and drag them with your mouse to the Circle labeled "Drop Here to Create a New Circle". One person can be in several different Circles, depending on how you would like to interact with them.
How to Find people to Put in Your Circles
Suggestions for people you might want to add to your Circles will show up within your Stream. These suggestions come from your interactions and presence on other Google Products.
What Is an "Extended Circle"?
You have several options when sharing content with your Circles. Underneath the "Share What's New" text box is a drop-down menu that lets you choose exactly who you would like to share with, including Extended Circles. These are simply people who are connected to someone that you are already connected to, but are not in your immediate Circles.
Editing Your Circles
Google+ makes editing your Circles quite easy.
To block someone: Click on the "Block" link next to a name
To remove someone from a Circle: Click the Circles icon, find the person you want to remove, and click "Remove".
To delete a Circle: Click your Circles icon, double-click on any Circle icon, and select the "Delete This Circle" option.
Google+ Circles and Privacy Issues
Circles can take some getting used to, and some information could be shared with Circles you don't intend. There are also a few privacy concerns:
Content you share with a specific Circle can be shared beyond who you intend if they share it in their Circles.
Even though you delete a Circle, content you have shared is still visible in the Streams of that Circle.
Google+ Stream Basics
The Google+ Stream is similar to the Facebook news feed in that it's meant to be one centralized dashboard for all content shared by the people you've made connections with on Google+. Information found in the Stream could include text, images, videos, links, and maps. There are a few things that set Google+ Streams apart from other social media counterparts:
You can see content from people who are not connected to you, but who want to share something with you from Google+ Circles.
You have complete control over how your content is filtered and who gets to see it.
You can start chatting instantly with anyone you know online via Hangouts.
How to Share in the Stream
One of the best things about Google+ is the ability to share what you're finding on the Web. In order to share content on Google+:
Do you have a business and don’t have a website? If you said yes, it’s almost as if your business doesn’t exist. In this modern era, people and companies are on the internet for information. Why do you think people visit a website? It’s primarily to find information. And if you’re in the business world, information is critical. You need to have a website for your customers. It needs to contain information about what you can do for them. Below are just a few of the advantages and benefitsof having a website for your business. Less Expensive Have you ever advertised your business through various forms such as printed media, radio, television or by other means? It’s expensive! Investing in advertising is necessary, but it takes a lot of money. Having a website will make promoting your company less expensive. Many versions of offline advertising available on the internet are sometimes free. Advertising A website is more environmental friendly when it comes to advertising and marketing. There are lots of ways to advertise your products or services through the internet. One example is Facebook ads, an advertising feature offered through Facebook. Another one is called SEO. This is a major advantage for your business. Having a good SEO service provider can boost the ranking of your website which quickly results in increased sales and higher profits. Satisfaction Having a website will be more convenient for your customers and leads. Make it easy for your customers to purchase from you! Many will be more likely to visit your website, rather than driving a car to your physical location and browsing for your products. From a customer’s point of view, it’s better for them if they don’t have to ask anything. They can just find what they’re looking for on your online site. Increase Customers Most businesses have local popularity, but what about potential customers outside their city? A website can help you generate more customers. Not just outside your city, but worldwide. The internet offers a global community. With a website, your business will be visible around the world. Accessibility Have you ever experienced having to turn customers away because it’s closing time? Well, you don’t have to close the doors of your website. An online site can be visited any time of the day or night. People will look to your site instead of going to your shop because it is more accessible. Just make sure to post enough information about your products and services. Access to Info Did you know that if you own a website, you can actually track everything that is happening on it? You can even look for information that will tell you how many people visited your site, or how many people messaged or emailed you. You can access the progress of your website and view all its pages. You can even make an update anytime, making it much less expensive than printed material. Fresh Smart business owners create a blog page for their company. Having a blog to post fresh content will keep your website attractive and fresh. Links Links are very important to viral marketing. If you have many sites linking to you, it is like spreading the word about your company all around the world. If you have a good website with good content related to information, products or services, people are more likely to link your website to theirs. This means they recognize your website as valuable. Better Relationship Having a website can build better relationships with your customers. You can send messages instantly to your customers through email. Also, your customers can review your products online and can also leave feedback for you and your business. It’s best to always send your customer a message. This is essential for building a good relationship with them. You can even give them more information about your business through messages or emails. Increase Sales If you are a business owner, more visitors leads to more potential sales. That’s how your website will help you. You can drive more people to your site by consistently updating and promoting the contents of your site. The more informative your site is, the greater the possibility of increasing your sales. Opportunity A website gives you the opportunity to prove your credibility. You have to tell your customers why you deserve their trust through your website. This can earn positive feedback for your service and products. Also, your website serves as a place for a potential investor to explore what your business is about and what it can do in the future. Long Term Clients What do you think is the difference between client and a customer? Well, a customer is the one who walks in and buys something and that’s it. A client is your regular customer. He is buying your products or services daily or contractually. Having a website gives you a chance to gain more clients that can help your business grow. Your Ideas These are few of the advantages and benefits of creating a website for your business. Do you know of other advantages to be gained by having a website? Feel free to let us know your thoughts by commenting on our Facebook Page.
You might also want to check out our services page. Let us help you develop an effective website solution for your business, tailored to honing in on your prospective clients. Are you making the most of your online strategy? Find out today with ourComplimentary Online Marketing Audit.
Cassini is an unpiloted spacecraft sent to the planet Saturn. It is a Flagship-class NASA–ESA–ASI robotic spacecraft. Cassini is the fourth space probe to visit Saturn and the first to enter orbit, and its mission is ongoing as of April 2017. It has studied the planet and its many natural satellites since arriving there in 2004.
Development started in the 1980s. Its design includes a Saturn orbiter (Cassini) and a lander (Huygens) for the moon Titan. The two spacecraft are named after astronomers Giovanni Cassini and Christiaan Huygens. The spacecraft launched on October 15, 1997 aboard a Titan IVB/Centaur and entered orbit around Saturn on July 1, 2004, after an interplanetary voyage that included flybys of Earth, Venus, and Jupiter. On December 25, 2004, Huygens separated from the orbiter, and it landed on Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, 2005. It successfully returned data to Earth, using the orbiter as a relay. This was the first landing ever accomplished in the outer Solar System.
Cassini continued to study the Saturn system in the following years, and continues to operate as of April 2017. However, since November 30, 2016, due to the spacecraft's dwindling fuel resources for further orbital corrections, Cassini entered the final phase of the project. Cassini will dive through the outer ring of Saturn 22 times, once every seven days. The spacecraft will enter areas that have been untouched up until this point, getting the closest look ever at Saturn's outer rings. The first pass of the rings took place on December 4, 2016.
Cassini is currently planned to be destroyed by diving into the planet's atmosphere on September 15, 2017, when it will beam its last batch of images. This method of disposal was chosen to avoid potential biological contamination of Saturn's moons.
Seventeen countries make up the team responsible for designing, building, flying and collecting data from the Cassini orbiter and Huygens probe. The mission is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the United States, where the orbiter was assembled. Huygens was developed by the European Space Research and Technology Centre. The Centre's prime contractor, Aérospatiale of France (now Thales Alenia Space), assembled the probe with equipment and instruments supplied by many European countries (Huygens' batteries and two scientific instruments by the United States). The Italian Space Agency (ASI) provided the Cassini orbiter's high-gain radio antenna, with the incorporation of a low-gain antenna (to ensure telecommunications with the Earth for the entire duration of the mission), a compact and lightweight radar, which also uses the high-gain antenna and serves as a synthetic aperture radar, a radar altimeter, a radiometer, the radio science subsystem (RSS), the visible channel portion VIMS-V of VIMS spectrometer. The VIMS infrared counterpart was provided by NASA, as well as Main Electronic Assembly, which includes electronic subassemblies provided by CNES of France.
On April 16, 2008, NASA announced a two-year extension of the funding for ground operations of this mission, at which point it was renamed the Cassini Equinox Mission.This was again extended in February 2010 with the Cassini Solstice Mission.
Impact of GST on Indian economy
The introduction of Goods and Service Tax (GST) in India is now on the horizon. The Constitution Amendment Bill to replace existing multiple indirect taxes by uniform GST across India is likely to be taken up for voting in Rajya Sabha during this week. Lok Sabha has already passed this Bill.
The current indirect tax structure is major impediment in India’s economic growth and competitiveness. Tax barriers in the form of CST, entry tax and restricted input tax credit have fragmented the Indian market. Cascading effects of taxes on cost make indigenous manufacture less attractive. Complex multiple taxes increase cost of compliance. In this scenario, the introduction of GST is considered crucial for economic growth. GST will have quite a favourable impact on Indian economy. Some sectors will have more favourable impact compared to others under the proposed GST.
Removal of tax barriers on introduction of uniform GST across the country with seamless credit, will make India a common market leading to economy of scale in production and efficiency in supply chain. It will expand trade and commerce. GST will have favourable impact on organised logistic industry and modernised warehousing.
GST will remove cascading effect of taxes imbedded in cost of production of goods and services and will provide seamless credit throughout value chain. This will significantly reduce cost of indigenous goods and will promote ‘Make in India’. The sectors which have long value chain from basic goods to final consumption stage with operation spread in multiple states such as FMCG, pharma, consumer durables, automobiles and engineering goods will be the major beneficiaries of GST.
GST will facilitate ease of doing business in India. Integration of existing multiple taxes into single GST will significantly reduce cost of tax compliance and transaction cost.
Stable, transparent and predictable tax regime will encourage local and foreign investment in India creating significant job opportunities.
Electronic processing of tax returns, refunds and tax payments through ‘GSTNET’ without human intervention, will reduce corruption and tax evasion. Built-in check on business transactions through seamless credit and return processing will reduce scope for black money generation leading to productive use of capital.
Significant reduction in product and area-based exemptions under GST will widen the tax base with a consequent reduction in revenue neutral rate. This will enable the government to keep GST rates lower which may have favourable impact on prices of goods in the medium term. The tax rate for services however may go up by 2 to 3% from the present level of 15%. The adverse impact of rate increase on services will be partially neutralised by availability of seamless input tax credit.
GST will eliminate the scope of double taxation in certain sectors due to tax dispute on whether a particular transaction is for supply of goods or provision of service such as licensing of intellectual properties like patents and copyrights, software, e-commerce and leasing.
While the GST will simplify tax structure, it will increase the burden of procedural and documentary compliance. Number of returns will increase significantly so also the extent of information. For instance, a real estate developer or contractor will have to file 61 returns in a year compared to 24 returns at present. Similarly a taxable person providing services from several states will have to take registration and file return in all such states. Currently a single centralised registration is required in such cases.
GST will also have impact on cash flow and working capital. Cash flow and working capital of business organisations which maintain high inventory of goods in different states will be adversely affected as they will have to pay GST at full rate on stock transfer from one state to another. Currently CST/VAT is payable on sale and not stock transfers.
It is also pertinent to note that all indirect taxes will not be subsumed in GST. Electricity duty, stamp duty, excise duty and VAT on alcoholic beverages, petroleum products like crude, natural gas, ETF, petrol and diesel will not be subsumed in GST on its introduction. These taxes will form part of the cost of these goods when used as inputs in downstream products. Hence those sectors where these goods form significant input cost such as plastics and polymers, fertilisers, metals, telecom, air transport, real estate will not get full benefit of GST.
Major beneficiary of GST would be sectors like FMCG, Pharma, Consumer Durables and Automobiles and warehousing and logistic industry.
High inflationary impact would be on telecom, banking and financial services, air and road transport, construction and development of real estate,
While GST is eagerly awaited by the industry, the legal process to implement GST in India is quite long and complex. After the Constitution Amendment Bill is passed by the Parliament with two-thirds majority, it will have to be passed by at least 15 states. There after GST council has to be constituted which will recommend model GST law and GST rates. On such recommendation, GST Act and Rules have to be enacted by the Parliament and each state assembly. Then implementation date has to be notified. It is therefore quite important that the Constitution Amendment Bill is passed in the current Monsson Session if GST is to be implemented during the tenure of present Parliament which ends during 2019.
Visa regulations curbing Indian students’ interest in UK
Raising serious concern over visa issues with the UK, India on Monday said Britain has ceased to be a preferred destination for students wanting to pursue higher studies in British universities.
“I did raise the issue of visa fees, student visa, and how Indian students are no longer wanting to go for UK universities, which was the top priority earlier because of the nature of visa regulations and requirements which Indian students have to go through,” commerce and industry minister Nirmala Sitharaman told reporters.
She said the UK visa regime “discourages” a lot of Indian students from going to Britain and they are now preferring other destinations like the US, Australia or New Zealand. On issues related to the IT visa fee, she said India raised its concern strongly.
“I did say that... the UK seems to want access to the Indian market, the UK seems to want Indian investments, but the UK does not seem to want Indian talent... This is not an impression or perception that UK can afford to have,” the minister added.
India, she said, would want them to consider Indian professionals who want to go to the UK as part of a company or group which has won a project there and as a professional talented skilled person going there for a certain tenure with valid paperwork done. Those professionals return after the project is completed and that can not be compared with migration of people, she stressed.
Asked about the UK trade minister Liam Fox’s response on India’s concerns, Sitharaman said: “On the fact that Indian students are no longer preferring to go to the UK, I felt he was not in agreement.” The UK minister clearly felt that out of every 10 applications, nine are being accepted and strictly the numbers have not fallen and that is the impression that he has been putting forth, she said. Fox, she said, “conceded that if there has been any crackdown on Indian students, it has been because they probably got enroled into institutions which have turned out to be spurious and which they had to clamp down”. “So, his case was that if there is a decline in numbers, it is because those students who went to less than credible institutions... but we recorded our concerns that the numbers have fallen,” she added.
Further, Sitharaman said that during her bilateral meeting, she raised the issue of the totalization agreement. “Our workers go, work their and pay social services premium, but return without any benefits derived out of it and the amount gets locked up in the UK,” she said further. She also said that raising of charges from Indian professionals who go to the UK only to fund their own skill development is something that “we thought was somewhat like a non-tariff barrier” and it does not encourage competitiveness in the service sector.
Brilliant Ways in Which NRIs Are Helping People Who says you cannot serve your country from far away? A group of NRIs is using technology to help people in rural India very effectively. From water scarcity to lack of electricity – they are busy solving these problems from thousands of miles away.
‘One phone call a day to keep problems away’ is the basic mantra with which Suresh Ediga, an NRI living in New York, has been working for people in rural India. It was four years ago that Suresh came to know about CGNet Swara, a voice-based news portal, operational in Adivasi areas of states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Telangana, Rajasthan, and Gujarat.
CGNet Swara is basically a platform where people can report or listen to news on local issues by dialling a number. All the recorded messages are translated into Hindi and English and published on the website, where journalists, NGOs and other organisations can listen to them and help resolve the problems.
Immediately after going through the website some years ago, Suresh decided to help. He would take one issue every week, call up the concerned authorities in India, and would keep calling until some action was taken.
After a few years of doing this, he decided to get more people on board so the impact could be larger. Today, he leads a group of 12 NRIs who meet online once every week, discuss and decide which issues they will take up, and make all the necessary calls.in India
Bhola Gupta is a resident of Govindpur village located in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh. In September 2015, he called up CGNet Swara to report that the village had no electricity for the last three months because the transformer was burnt. No action was taken even after the villagers talked to the sarpanch about it. Moreover, they were still getting their electricity bills. He provided the contact details for the concerned authorities from the electricity department and for the sarpanch.
On coming across this call, Suresh spoke to the executive engineer at the electricity department and requested him to help fix the transformer. Initially, the engineer told him they would be able to take action only after two days because of some ongoing holidays. Suresh pleaded, knowing that the villagers had been in darkness for a long time now.
A villager from Ghughri block of Mandla district in Madhya Pradesh reported that 4 out of 10 hand pumps in his block had stopped working. Suresh called the district collector of the area, but no action was taken. Fortunately, the District Collector of Gwalior is his friend. So he called him up and informed him about the issue. Thanks to the sincere collector, and a very timely phone call, the hand pumps were repaired in just a few days, providing safe drinking water to about 2,000 people in the area.
Sagar Pedamidisileru, a resident of Khammam district in Telangana, had to walk for 30-40 minutes every day to reach the nearest town of Bhadrachalam. A tar road connected his village to the town, but there was no bus connectivity. People had to take auto rickshaws and these were not easily available. In February 2013, Sagar reported this issue on CGNet.
Suresh called Venkateswara Babu, the Depot Manager of Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation in Badhrachalam. But he didn’t take the call seriously; it required multiple follow-ups with the officials before they finally asked for a written request. But even that didn’t help. When no action was taken for about 10 months, Suresh posted a Facebook status about this case. Ali Hussaini, one of his friends from Hyderabad, saw the post and got on board. He had a lot of experience in dealing with civic issues and he used his knowledge to send emails to the Depot Manager, Public Relations Officer of Road Transport Corporation, and other officials. After another round of phone calls to these people, the Regional Manager finally gave a green signal to start the bus service. On January 20, 2014, the village got its first bus.
Artibai Valmiki, a woman from Batiyagarh village in Madhya Pradesh, reported that 500 people in the village were living without a proper source of water since 15 years. They had walk for about two kilometres each day to fetch water and complaints to the officials were not helping.
Once again, Suresh asked his friend Parikipandla Narahari, who is the District Collector of Gwalior, to help him out. He instantly called the Collector of Damoh district and reported the issue. Suresh later came to know that the Collector had initiated the process and was sending his team to work on giving the villagers a source of water.