Tuesday, April 25, 2017

cassini


Cassini is an unpiloted spacecraft sent to the planet Saturn. It is a Flagship-class NASA–ESA–ASI robotic spacecraft. Cassini is the fourth space probe to visit Saturn and the first to enter orbit, and its mission is ongoing as of April 2017. It has studied the planet and its many natural satellites since arriving there in 2004.

Development started in the 1980s. Its design includes a Saturn orbiter (Cassini) and a lander (Huygens) for the moon Titan. The two spacecraft are named after astronomers Giovanni Cassini and Christiaan Huygens. The spacecraft launched on October 15, 1997 aboard a Titan IVB/Centaur and entered orbit around Saturn on July 1, 2004, after an interplanetary voyage that included flybys of Earth, Venus, and Jupiter. On December 25, 2004, Huygens separated from the orbiter, and it landed on Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, 2005. It successfully returned data to Earth, using the orbiter as a relay. This was the first landing ever accomplished in the outer Solar System.

Cassini continued to study the Saturn system in the following years, and continues to operate as of April 2017. However, since November 30, 2016, due to the spacecraft's dwindling fuel resources for further orbital corrections, Cassini entered the final phase of the project. Cassini will dive through the outer ring of Saturn 22 times, once every seven days. The spacecraft will enter areas that have been untouched up until this point, getting the closest look ever at Saturn's outer rings. The first pass of the rings took place on December 4, 2016.

Cassini is currently planned to be destroyed by diving into the planet's atmosphere on September 15, 2017, when it will beam its last batch of images. This method of disposal was chosen to avoid potential biological contamination of Saturn's moons.
Seventeen countries make up the team responsible for designing, building, flying and collecting data from the Cassini orbiter and Huygens probe. The mission is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the United States, where the orbiter was assembled. Huygens was developed by the European Space Research and Technology Centre. The Centre's prime contractor, Aérospatiale of France (now Thales Alenia Space), assembled the probe with equipment and instruments supplied by many European countries (Huygens' batteries and two scientific instruments by the United States). The Italian Space Agency (ASI) provided the Cassini orbiter's high-gain radio antenna, with the incorporation of a low-gain antenna (to ensure telecommunications with the Earth for the entire duration of the mission), a compact and lightweight radar, which also uses the high-gain antenna and serves as a synthetic aperture radar, a radar altimeter, a radiometer, the radio science subsystem (RSS), the visible channel portion VIMS-V of VIMS spectrometer. The VIMS infrared counterpart was provided by NASA, as well as Main Electronic Assembly, which includes electronic subassemblies provided by CNES of France.

On April 16, 2008, NASA announced a two-year extension of the funding for ground operations of this mission, at which point it was renamed the Cassini Equinox Mission.This was again extended in February 2010 with the Cassini Solstice Mission.

Saturday, April 22, 2017

gst


Impact of GST on Indian economy
The introduction of Goods and Service Tax (GST) in India is now on the horizon. The Constitution Amendment Bill to replace existing multiple indirect taxes by uniform GST across India is likely to be taken up for voting in Rajya Sabha during this week. Lok Sabha has already passed this Bill.
The current indirect tax structure is major impediment in India’s economic growth and competitiveness. Tax barriers in the form of CST, entry tax and restricted input tax credit have fragmented the Indian market. Cascading effects of taxes on cost make indigenous manufacture less attractive. Complex multiple taxes increase cost of compliance. In this scenario, the introduction of GST is considered crucial for economic growth. GST will have quite a favourable impact on Indian economy. Some sectors will have more favourable impact compared to others under the proposed GST.
Removal of tax barriers on introduction of uniform GST across the country with seamless credit, will make India a common market leading to economy of scale in production and efficiency in supply chain. It will expand trade and commerce. GST will have favourable impact on organised logistic industry and modernised warehousing.
GST will remove cascading effect of taxes imbedded in cost of production of goods and services and will provide seamless credit throughout value chain. This will significantly reduce cost of indigenous goods and will promote ‘Make in India’. The sectors which have long value chain from basic goods to final consumption stage with operation spread in multiple states such as FMCG, pharma, consumer durables, automobiles and engineering goods will be the major beneficiaries of GST.  
GST will facilitate ease of doing business in India. Integration of existing multiple taxes into single GST will significantly reduce cost of tax compliance and transaction cost.
Stable, transparent and predictable tax regime will encourage local and foreign investment in India creating significant job opportunities.
Electronic processing of tax returns, refunds and tax payments through ‘GSTNET’ without human intervention, will reduce corruption and tax evasion. Built-in check on business transactions through seamless credit and return processing will reduce scope for black money generation leading to productive use of capital.
Significant reduction in product and area-based exemptions under GST will widen the tax base with a consequent reduction in revenue neutral rate. This will enable the government to keep GST rates lower which may have favourable impact on prices of goods in the medium term.  The tax rate for services however may go up by 2 to 3% from the present level of 15%. The adverse impact of rate increase on services will be partially neutralised by availability of seamless input tax credit.  
GST will eliminate the scope of double taxation in certain sectors due to tax dispute on whether a particular transaction is for supply of goods or provision of service such as licensing of intellectual properties like patents and copyrights, software, e-commerce and leasing.
While the GST will simplify tax structure, it will increase the burden of procedural and documentary compliance. Number of returns will increase significantly so also the extent of information. For instance, a real estate developer or contractor will have to file 61 returns in a year compared to 24 returns at present. Similarly a taxable person providing services from several states will have to take registration and file return in all such states. Currently a single centralised registration is required in such cases.
GST will also have impact on cash flow and working capital. Cash flow and working capital of business organisations which maintain high inventory of goods in different states will be adversely affected as they will have to pay GST at full rate on stock transfer from one state to another. Currently CST/VAT is payable on sale and not stock transfers.
It is also pertinent to note that all indirect taxes will not be subsumed in GST. Electricity duty, stamp duty, excise duty and VAT on alcoholic beverages, petroleum products like crude, natural gas, ETF, petrol and diesel will not be subsumed in GST on its introduction. These taxes will form part of the cost of these goods when used as inputs in downstream products. Hence those sectors where these goods form significant input cost such as plastics and polymers, fertilisers, metals, telecom, air transport, real estate will not get full benefit of GST.
Major beneficiary of GST would be sectors like FMCG, Pharma, Consumer Durables and Automobiles and warehousing and logistic industry.
High inflationary impact would be on telecom, banking and financial services, air and road transport, construction and development of real estate,                
While GST is eagerly awaited by the industry, the legal process to implement GST in India is quite long and complex. After the Constitution Amendment Bill is passed by the Parliament with two-thirds majority, it will have to be passed by at least 15 states. There after GST council has to be constituted which will recommend model GST law and GST rates. On such recommendation, GST Act and Rules have to be enacted by the Parliament and each state assembly. Then implementation date has to be notified. It is therefore quite important that the Constitution Amendment Bill is passed in the current Monsson Session if GST is to be implemented during the tenure of present Parliament which ends during 2019.  

visa



Visa regulations curbing Indian students’ interest in UK

Raising serious concern over visa issues with the UK, India on Monday said Britain has ceased to be a preferred destination for students wanting to pursue higher studies in British universities.

“I did raise the issue of visa fees, student visa, and how Indian students are no longer wanting to go for UK universities, which was the top priority earlier because of the nature of visa regulations and requirements which Indian students have to go through,” commerce and industry minister Nirmala Sitharaman told reporters.

She said the UK visa regime “discourages” a lot of Indian students from going to Britain and they are now preferring other destinations like the US, Australia or New Zealand. On issues related to the IT visa fee, she said India raised its concern strongly.

“I did say that... the UK seems to want access to the Indian market, the UK seems to want Indian investments, but the UK does not seem to want Indian talent... This is not an impression or perception that UK can afford to have,” the minister added.

India, she said, would want them to consider Indian professionals who want to go to the UK as part of a company or group which has won a project there and as a professional talented skilled person going there for a certain tenure with valid paperwork done. Those professionals return after the project is completed and that can not be compared with migration of people, she stressed.

Asked about the UK trade minister Liam Fox’s response on India’s concerns, Sitharaman said: “On the fact that Indian students are no longer preferring to go to the UK, I felt he was not in agreement.” The UK minister clearly felt that out of every 10 applications, nine are being accepted and strictly the numbers have not fallen and that is the impression that he has been putting forth, she said. Fox, she said, “conceded that if there has been any crackdown on Indian students, it has been because they probably got enroled into institutions which have turned out to be spurious and which they had to clamp down”. “So, his case was that if there is a decline in numbers, it is because those students who went to less than credible institutions... but we recorded our concerns that the numbers have fallen,” she added.

Further, Sitharaman said that during her bilateral meeting, she raised the issue of the totalization agreement. “Our workers go, work their and pay social services premium, but return without any benefits derived out of it and the amount gets locked up in the UK,” she said further. She also said that raising of charges from Indian professionals who go to the UK only to fund their own skill development is something that “we thought was somewhat like a non-tariff barrier” and it does not encourage competitiveness in the service sector.

nri



Brilliant Ways in Which NRIs Are Helping People Who says you cannot serve your country from far away? A group of NRIs is using technology to help people in rural India very effectively. From water scarcity to lack of electricity – they are busy solving these problems from thousands of miles away.

‘One phone call a day to keep problems away’ is the basic mantra with which Suresh Ediga, an NRI living in New York, has been working for people in rural India. It was four years ago that Suresh came to know about CGNet Swara, a voice-based news portal, operational in Adivasi areas of states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Telangana, Rajasthan, and Gujarat.

CGNet Swara is basically a platform where people can report or listen to news on local issues by dialling a number. All the recorded messages are translated into Hindi and English and published on the website, where journalists, NGOs and other organisations can listen to them and help resolve the problems.

Immediately after going through the website some years ago, Suresh decided to help. He would take one issue every week, call up the concerned authorities in India, and would keep calling until some action was taken.

After a few years of doing this, he decided  to get more people on board so the impact could be larger. Today, he leads a group of 12 NRIs who meet online once every week, discuss and decide which issues they will take up, and make all the necessary calls.in  India
Bhola Gupta is a resident of Govindpur village located in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh. In September 2015, he called up CGNet Swara to report that the village had no electricity for the last three months because the transformer was burnt. No action was taken even after the villagers talked to the sarpanch about it. Moreover, they were still getting their electricity bills. He provided the contact details for the concerned authorities from the electricity department and for the sarpanch.

On coming across this call, Suresh spoke to the executive engineer at the electricity department and requested him to help fix the transformer. Initially, the engineer told him they would be able to take action only after two days because of some ongoing holidays. Suresh pleaded, knowing that the villagers had been in darkness for a long time now.
A villager from Ghughri block of Mandla district in Madhya Pradesh reported that 4 out of 10 hand pumps in his block had stopped working. Suresh called the district collector of the area, but no action was taken. Fortunately, the District Collector of Gwalior is his friend. So he called him up and informed him about the issue. Thanks to the sincere collector, and a very timely phone call, the hand pumps were repaired in just a few days, providing safe drinking water to about 2,000 people in the area.
Sagar Pedamidisileru, a resident of Khammam district in Telangana, had to walk for 30-40 minutes every day to reach the nearest town of Bhadrachalam. A tar road connected his village to the town, but there was no bus connectivity. People had to take auto rickshaws and these were not easily available. In February 2013, Sagar reported this issue on CGNet.

Suresh called Venkateswara Babu, the Depot Manager of Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation in Badhrachalam. But he didn’t take the call seriously; it required multiple follow-ups with the officials before they finally asked for a written request. But even that didn’t help. When no action was taken for about 10 months, Suresh posted a Facebook status about this case. Ali Hussaini, one of his friends from Hyderabad, saw the post and got on board. He had a lot of experience in dealing with civic issues and he used his knowledge to send emails to the Depot Manager, Public Relations Officer of Road Transport Corporation, and other officials. After another round of phone calls to these people, the Regional Manager finally gave a green signal to start the bus service. On January 20, 2014, the village got its first bus.
Artibai Valmiki, a woman from Batiyagarh village in Madhya Pradesh, reported that 500 people in the village were living without a proper source of water since 15 years. They had walk for about two kilometres each day to fetch water and complaints to the officials were not helping.

Once again, Suresh asked his friend Parikipandla Narahari, who is the District Collector of Gwalior, to help him out. He instantly called the Collector of Damoh district and reported the issue. Suresh later came to know that the Collector had initiated the process and was sending his team to work on giving the villagers a source of water.

Wednesday, April 19, 2017

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sai


Sai Praneeth Bhamidipati (born on 10 August 1992 in Andhra Pradesh) is a male Indian badminton player hailing from Hyderabad, Telangana
The right handed Sai Praneeth stunned 2003 All England Champion Muhammad Hafiz Hashim of Malaysia at the Thailand Open Grand Prix Gold tournament in the first round.

2013 has been a memorable year so far for Sai Praneeth B. He stunned the world by sending back Taufik Hidayat unexpectedly early at his home ground in front of home crowd, thus ruining his farewell from an illustrious career as a professional badminton player. He defeated Taufik Hidayat in the first round match of Djarum Indonesia Open 2013 by 2-1 games with the final score being 15-21, 21-12, 21-17. Barely a few day later on 19 June 2013, he again upstaged a much higher ranked player. This time world number four Hu Yun of Hong Kong in the Singapore Super Series.

At the 2016 All England Super Series Premier, Sai Praneeth stunned the 2nd seed Lee Chong Wei of Malaysia in the 1st Round 24-22, 22-20 in straight sets.[6] On July 2016, he won the 2016 Canada Open Grand Prix in the men’s singles category. In the final match played at Calgary, Praneeth defeated Lee Hyun-il of South Korea by 21-12, 21-10 score.It is his maiden grand prix trophy. In 2017, he won the Singapore Open Super Series after beat his compatriot Srikanth Kidambi in rubber games.
The BWF Superseries, launched on December 14, 2006 and implemented in 2007, is a series of elite badminton tournaments, sanctioned by Badminton World Federation (BWF). BWF Superseries has two level such as Superseries and Superseries Premier. A season of Superseries features twelve tournaments around the world, which introduced since 2011, with successful players invited to the Superseries Finals held at the year end.
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" (with one player per side) and "doubles" (with two players per side). Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in a yard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court. Points are scored by striking the shuttlecock with the racquet and landing it within the opposing side's half of the court.

Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. Play ends once the shuttlecock has struck the floor or if a fault has been called by the umpire, service judge, or (in their absence) the opposing side.

The shuttlecock is a feathered or (in informal matches) plastic projectile which flies differently from the balls used in many other sports. In particular, the feathers create much higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly. Shuttlecocks also have a high top speed compared to the balls in other racquet sports.

The game developed in British India from the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock. European play came to be dominated by Denmark but the game has become very popular in Asia, with recent competition dominated by China. Since 1992, badminton has been a Summer Olympic sport with five events: men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles. At high levels of play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic stamina, agility, strength, speed, and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racquet movements

tulsi


15 Amazing Benefits Of  Tulsi

he health benefits of holy basil, also known as tulsi, include oral care, relief from respiratory disorders, as well as treatment of fever, asthma, lung disorders, heart diseases and stress. Holy Basil, which has the scientific name Ocimum Sanctum is undoubtedly one of the best medicinal herb that has been discovered. It has endless miraculous and medicinal values and has been worshiped and highly valued in India for thousands of years.

Even going close to a Tulsi plant alone can protect you from many infections. A few leaves dropped in drinking water or foods can purify it and can kill germs within it as well. Even smelling it or keeping it planted in a pot indoors can protect the whole family from infections, coughs, colds and other viral infections.

These applications are not at all exaggerated. It has been an age old custom in India to worship it two times a day, water it and light lamps near it, once in the morning and once in the evening. It was, and still is, believed to protect the whole family from evil and bring good luck. Basil leaves have also been an essential part of all worship ceremonies since ancient times. These practices are not superstitions and actually has sufficient scientific reasoning behind them. Keeping in view the ultra disinfectant and germicidal properties of this legendary herb, wise people then devised these customs to bring people into contact with this plant every day, so that they may keep safe from day-to-day infections. Recent research on tulsi confirm most of these beliefs. In the following paragraphs, we shall see why it definitely deserves to be worshiped.

Health Benefits Of Holy Basil
The health benefits of tulsi include the following:

Fever: The miraculous healing properties of Holy Basil come mainly from its essential oils and the phytonutrients contained in it. Holy Basil is an excellent antibiotic, germicidal, fungicidal and disinfectant agent and very efficiently protects our body from all sorts of bacterial, viral and fungal infections. Fever is mainly caused due to infections from protozoa (malaria), bacteria (typhoid), viruses (flu) and even allergic substances and fungus. Fever is not actually an ailment in itself. It is just a symptom which shows that our body is fighting against less visible infections. The tremendous disinfectant, germicidal and fungicidal properties of tulsi destroys all those pathogens discussed above and heals the resulting fever. It is an old practice in India to have a decoction of tulsi leaves and flowers in case you are suffering from a fever.

Respiratory Disorders: Tulsi, along with curing viral, bacterial and fungal infections of the respiratory system, gives miraculous relief in congestion due to the presence of components like Camphene, Eugenol and Cineole in its essential oils. It is very effective in curing almost all varieties of respiratory disorders including bronchitis, both chronic and acute.
Asthma: Tulsi is very beneficial in the treatment of asthma, since it relieves congestion and facilitates smoother breathing. The phytonutrients and essential oils, along with the other minerals in it, help cure some of the underlying causes of asthma as well.

Lung Disorders: The compounds like vitamin-C, Camphene, Eugenol and Cineole that are present in the essential oils of tulsi do not only cure the infections in the lungs, but also cure congestion of the lungs. Furthermore, they are found to be effective in healing the damages caused to the lungs due to smoking, tuberculosis, and lung cancer. It also helps to cure tuberculosis due to its antibiotic properties.



Heart Diseases: Holy Basil contains vitamin-C and other antioxidants such as eugenol, which protect the heart from the harmful effects of free radicals. Additionally, eugenol is very beneficial in reducing the cholesterol levels within the blood.


Stress: Vitamin-C and other antioxidants in Holy Basil, apart from repairing damages done by free radicals, also minimize the stress caused by these oxidants. They soothe the nerves, lower blood pressure, reduce inflammation and thus reduce stress. One such component is Camphene. Potassium also reduces blood pressure-related stress by replacing sodium and loosening the tense blood vessels.

Oral Care: Tulsi is an excellent mouth freshener and oral disinfectant and its freshness lasts for a very long time. Holy Basil destroys more than 99% of the germs and bacteria in the mouth and this effect can last all day. It also cures ulcers in the mouth. Finally, it is also known to help inhibit the growth of oral cancer which can be caused by chewing tobacco.

Dental Care: Holy Basil destroys the bacteria that are responsible for dental cavities, plaque, tartar, and bad breath, while also protecting the teeth. It also has astringent properties which make the gums hold the teeth tighter, thereby keeping them from falling. However, tulsi also has certain compounds like mercury, which has rich germicidal properties, that can actually be harmful for the teeth if kept in direct contact for too long. Therefore, it is advised to avoid chewing these leaves. It is actually discussed in holy books and Ayurvedic teachings that chewing these leaves robs them of their holiness. However, it has no harm if you do not chew it or consume its decoction.

Kidney Stones: Tulsi, being a detoxifier and a mild diuretic, helps to reduce the uric acid level in the body, which is the main culprit as far as kidney stones are concerned.  It also helps to clean out the kidneys through increased frequency of urination. Acetic acid and certain components in tulsi essential oils also facilitate dissolution of the stones. Finally, it has pain-killer effects and help bear the pain from kidney stones as they pass.

Skin Care: Try taking a daily bath with a decoction of Holy Basil mixed with your bathwater, washing your face with it, or simply applying the paste of its leaves on an infected area of the skin in case of skin diseases. You can also just consume tulsi leaves, and still manage to keep your skin free from all infections. You may not believe this, but rubbing Holy Basil leaves or its extracted oils on the body keeps mosquitoes and other insects away. It cures skin disorders both internally and externally, without any side effects. This property mainly comes from its essential oils, which are highly antibiotic, disinfectant, antibacterial and antifungal in nature. External application on the skin also removes extra oil from the skin surface. Camphene in it also gives a soothing, cooling effect.

Headache: Headaches caused due to migraines, sinus pressure, cough and cold, or high blood pressure can be effectively controlled by the use of a single tulsi serving. Camphene, Eugenol, Cineol, Carvacrol and Methyl-Chavicol have excellent analgesic, sedative, anticongestive and disinfectant properties.

Anti-Aging: Vitamin-C, A, phytonutrients and the essential oils in Holy Basil are excellent antioxidants and protect the body from nearly all the damage caused by free radicals in the body, which are hazardous byproducts of cellular metabolism that are responsible for a wide swath of diseases, including cancer. In the traditional Indian medicine system called Ayurveda, it is considered as a tonic to retain youth and avoid premature aging.

Sunday, April 16, 2017

content plan 2017 may

nva bharat by 2022,
sai praneeth win

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Jamini Roy




Jamini Roy was born on 11 April 1887 into a moderately prosperous family of land-owners in Beliatore village of the Bankura district, West Bengal.

When he was sixteen he was sent to study at the Government College of Art, Kolkata. Abanindranath Tagore, the founder of Bengal school was vice principal at the institution. He was taught to paint in the prevailing academic tradition drawing Classical nudes and painting in oils and in 1908 he received his Diploma in Fine Art.

However, he soon realised that he needed to draw inspiration, not from Western traditions, but from his own culture, and so he looked to the living folk and tribal art for inspiration. He was most influenced by the Kalighat Pat (Kalighat painting), which was a style of art with bold sweeping brush-strokes. He moved away from his earlier impressionist landscapes and portraits and between 1921 and 1924 began his first period of experimentation with the Santhal dance as his starting point. Jamini Roy had 4 sons and 1 daughter.


Jamini Roy – Mother and Child, oil on canvas, mid 1920. National Gallery of Modern Art collection
His new style was a reaction against Western or Academic style of painting. He began his career as a commissioned portrait painter. Somewhat abruptly in the early 1920s, he gave up commissioned portrait painting in an effort to discover his own.

His underlying quest was threefold: to capture the essence of simplicity embodied in the life of the folk people; to make art accessible to a wider section of people; and to give Indian art its own identity. Jamini Roy's paintings were put on exhibition for the first time in the British India Street of Calcutta (Kolkata) in 1938. During the 1940s, his popularity touched new highs, with the Bengali middle class and the European community becoming his main clientèle. In 1946, his work was exhibited in London and in 1953, in the New York City. He was awarded the Padma Bhusan in 1954. His work has been exhibited extensively in international exhibitions and can be found in many private and public collections such as the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. He spent most of his life living and working in Calcutta. Initially he experimented with Kalighat paintings but found that it has ceased to be strictly a "patua" and went to learn from village patuas. Consequently, his techniques as well as subject matter was influenced by traditional art of Bengal.

He preferred himself to be called a patua. Jamini Roy died in 1972. He was survived by four sons and a daughter. Currently his successors (daughters-in-law and grand children and their children) stay at the home he had built in Ballygunge Place, Kolkata. His works can be found in various museums and galleries across the globe.